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What are uterine fibroids?

Fibroids are benign growths (non-cancerous) in or around the uterus.

Fibroids can range in size from a grape to a grapefruit and may cause uncomfortable symptoms, including heavy menstrual bleeding and painful periods.

These symptoms may worsen over time if the fibroids are left untreated.

 

Fibroids are common. 

  • In the US, around 70% of white women and more than 80% of black women will have uterine fibroids before the age of 501
  • Each year in the US, more than 2 million women undergo treatment for uterine fibroids2
  • 20%-50% of women with fibroids have symptoms3

 

Women with fibroids may experience one or more of the following symptoms:3

  • Heavy periods (heavy menstrual bleeding)
  • Pressure or swelling in the abdomen
  • Painful periods (dysmenorrhea)
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Constipation
  • Infertility
  • Painful sex

fibroids image

 

1 Baird DD. et al. High Cumulative Incidence of Uterine Leiomyoma in Black and White women; Ultrasound Evidence. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188:100-107
2 Marsh EE. et al. Prevalence and Treatment of Uterine Fibroids: A Survey of U.S. Women J Womens Health 2018; 27:1359-1367
3 Stovall DW. Clinical Symptomatology of Uterine Leiomyomas. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2001;44:364-371

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